Even if you have spent years sleeping in your makeup, and using the wrong skincare it’s never too late to start a skincare routine. Great skin isn’t just genetic. There are many fantastic and affordable skincare brands on the market.
People are beginning to learn more and more about skincare. Companies know this and skincare lines are beginning to add these “holy grail” ingredients to their products.
Before you start a skincare routine it is important to remember that some ingredients do not work well together. Ingredients such as Niacinamide and Vitamin C almost cancel out each other’s effects so you will not want to use these together.
If you are using serums do not use every serum on the market. Try to limit your serums to a maximum of 4. Less is more.
Here are the ingredients you should be looking for when starting a skincare routine.
Best skincare ingredients for ageing
Hyaluronic acid is a godsend for those with dry and ageing skin. Hyaluronic acid holds over 1000 times its weight in water and can even help your skin produce more collagen!
Hyaluronic acid is also safe for those with acne-prone skin so you will not need to worry about it breaking you out.
When to use: Hylauronic acid can be used morning and night.
Retinol/ Vitamin A
Retinol is basically liquid gold for your skin. It is one of the most effective and most coveted skincare ingredients available. Retinol has been scientifically proven to reduce fine lines, age spots and acne.
However, as retinol is such a powerful ingredient it can irritate sensitive skin. If you want to start incorporating retinol into your skincare routine start using small amounts and try to start using in colder months as it can make your skin prone to sun-damage.
When to use: Retinol should only be applied at night as it can make the skin more sensitive to the sun.
Jojoba oil is great for deep skin hydration. It will keep your skin looking hydrated.
Our skin looses some of its natural sebum as it ages. Jojoba oil does a fantastic job of mimicking natural sebum and will keep you looking younger for longer.
When to use: Jojoba oil is safe to use in the morning and at night.
Vitamin E is a natural antioxidant and free radical neutraliser. Free radicals are elements such as pollution and UV radiation.
Vitamin E not only works great alongside SPF but it is also very effective at reducing the appearance of scars
When to use: Vitamin E is best applied at night. When applied at night it absorbs into the skin. If it is applied in the morning it can be hard to apply makeup on. However, If you are not wearing makeup feel free to apply in the morning.
Coenzyme Q10 is similar to Vitamin C in that it is an antioxidant and free radical fighter.
Coenzyme Q10 can prevent damage done by free radicals and can be effective at reducing crows feet and fine lines.
When to use: This powerful ingredient can actually cause insomnia and make it hard for you to sleep! Try to use Coenzyme Q10 in the morning if possible.
SPF is one of the most important anti-aging ingredients. UV radiation damages skin cell DNA and causes hyper-pigmentation and premature aging.
SPF stops UV radiation from entering your skin to prevent UV damage. It only takes one look at people with severe sun-damage to realise how important SPF is.
When to use: SPF should be used every morning if possible. Even on cloudy days, UV radiation can still damage your skin.
Best skincare ingredients for acne-prone skin
Niacinamide/ Vitamin B3
Niacinimide is fantastic for red and inflamed skin. Niacinamide is also effective at treating enlarged pores, fine lines and can be great at brightening skin.
When to use: Niacinamide can be used in the morning and at night. However, if you are using Vitamin C try not to use this in conjunction with Niacinamide. If you are using both you can use your Niacinamide in the morning and your vitamin C at night.
If you are a long-time acne sufferer you have probably heard of this. Salicylic acid is good for clearing pores and providing anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties to the skin.
When to use: This is best applied at night so that it can sit on your stubborn pimples while you sleep. It is most effective on whiteheads and blackheads.
Best skincare ingredients for pigmentation
Vitamin C is effective at brightening, defending and firming skin. It is useful for evening your skin tone by breaking down hyperpigmentation and reducing redness in your skin.
It may even be effective at reducing the effects of damage caused by UV radiation and pollutants in the air.
When to use: Vitamin C can be used in the morning and at night. However, if you are also using Niacinamide try not to use this in conjunction with Vitamin C. If you are using both you can use your Niacinamide in the morning and your vitamin C at night.
This powerful ingredient decreases melanin from developing in the skin. It is fantastic for clearing age spots, freckles and melasma.
When to use:
Hydroquinone is safe to use in the morning and at night.
Lactic acid is good if you have a dull and uneven complexion. Not only does it keep your skin hydrated but it also reduces the appearance of dark spots and hyper-pigmentation.
When to use: This can be used both morning and night.
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